Rolls

Hot rolled from steel billet, wire rod is delivered as coil, most commonly at 5.5mm dia, but in sizes up to 60mm dia. Close control of final cooling is a critical part of production. The most important characteristic for determining a rod's end use is its drawability; the extent to which the rod's diameter can be reduced during the drawing process. Low carbon rod is used for undemanding applications like fencing wire and concrete reinforcing mesh, while medium and high carbon rod goes into higher performance uses like steelcord for car tyre reinforcement. Some rod (cold heading carbon and alloy grades) is used to make fasteners (bolts, screws, nails, rivets), and alloy rod is commonly machined into products like engineering bearings. Some rod provides filler metal in welding operations.

Wire Rod

Hot rolled from steel billet, wire rod is delivered as coil, most commonly at 5.5mm dia, but in sizes up to 60mm dia. Close control of final cooling is a critical part of production. The most important characteristic for determining a rod's end use is its drawability; the extent to which the rod's diameter can be reduced during the drawing process. Low carbon rod is used for undemanding applications like fencing wire and concrete reinforcing mesh, while medium and high carbon rod goes into higher performance uses like steelcord for car tyre reinforcement. Some rod (cold heading carbon and alloy grades) is used to make fasteners (bolts, screws, nails, rivets), and alloy rod is commonly machined into products like engineering bearings. Some rod provides filler metal in welding operations.

Structural Sections

Heavy or structural sections are steel products such as beams or columns which are usually formed with a specific cross section shape e.g. H, I or U. Used to build large structures such as multi-storey buildings and bridges.

Blooms

Blooms are hot-rolled or forged from an ingot or strand cast. They usually have a square cross section exceeding 36 square inches.
They are mainly used in the manufacture of ‘long’ products such as structural shapes, structural profiles, building beams, rails and columns.

Merchant Bar

Merchant bar is a range of commodity carbon steel long products including round, square and hexagonal bars, angles, channels and flats. Maximum diameter or width is usually 80-100mm, although flats up to 150mm wide are included. These are a staple item for many steel stockholders, large or small.
Merchant bar is widely used in the manufacture and fabrication of a broad range of engineered products..

Seamless Tubes

Seamless tubes are made by rolling a preheated billet between offset rolls to create a tube shell. The tube shell is then elongated in a multi-stand rolling mill (with a mandrel) to achieve the desired wall thickness and a limited range of diameters. Tube diameter can also be achieved with a sizing collar, but for significant diameter changes the tube is reheated and passed through a stretch-reducing mill – a multi-stand mill that reduces outside diameter but not wall thickness. The seamless range also includes Oil Country Tubular Goods (OCTG.)
Boiler tubing, the oil and gas industries and automotive transmission components are typical applications.

Cold-rolled non-grain oriented silicon steel: Semi Processed

Semi processed CRNGO is used to manufacture commercial power frequency devices. It provides the customers the option of using their proprietary heat treatment processes to obtain desired core-loss and permeability characteristics. This option can result in cost savings for the client

Cold-Rolled Non-Grain Oriented silicon steel (CRNGO): Fully Processed

Non-oriented electrical steels are silicon steels in which magnetic properties are practically the same in any direction of magnetism in the plane of the material. Typical applications are for motors, generators, transducers, and magnetic circuits of industrial machinery.

Cold-Rolled Grain Oriented silicon steel (CRGO)

Grain oriented electrical steels are iron-silicon alloys that provide low core loss and high permeability needed for more efficient and economical electrical transformers. Grain oriented grades of electrical steel are typically used for transformer cores and large generators.

Slit Coils

Coated Steel Coil

Colour coated, or pre-painted, steel, is steel coil to which a paint, powder or film coating has been applied in a continuous process prior to it being cut and shaped. It provides a durable uniform surface finish, and can be an alternative to conventional post-manufacture painting of steel parts. The coil is coated on one or both sides. Rolls apply first a primer and then a topcoat to the moving steel strip. The substrate is usually cold reduced galvanised coil, but galvanised HRC and even uncoated coil is used. Building applications account for around two thirds of consumption, with cladding on steel frame buildings a well known use. It is also widely used for domestic appliance casings and for some furniture.

Coated Sheet

Coating steel sheet improves durability and lengthens product life. It is manufactured to meet specific customer requirements for corrosion resistance, strength and formability. Thickness, width, surface quality and surface finish vary greatly. The most typical applications are for metal roofing and automotive manufacturing.

Tin Plate

Tinplate is cold reduced steel sheet coated with a thin layer of tin. Tin mill products are produced in a variety of types including electrolytic tinplate, electrolytic chromium coated steel and black plate, an uncoated product. It has good corrosion resistance and food compatibility – although many products require a thin coating of lacquer to maximise the shelf life of the contents. Around 90% of tinplate is used in packaging, with food and drinks cans the biggest market, but it is also widely used for other consumer and general packaging, such as aerosols, paints and oils.

Cold Rolled Sheet

Flat rolled products for which the required final thickness has been obtained by rolling at room temperature. To meet the various end use requirements, cold-rolled sheet products are metallurgically designed to provide specific attributes such as high formability, deep drawability, high strength, high dent resistance, good magnetic properties, enamelability and paintability.
Cold rolled steel sheet is used in a wide variety of end applications such as appliances refrigerators, washers, dryers and other small appliances, automobiles - exposed as well as unexposed parts - electric motors, and bathtubs.

Billets

Steel billets result from the second stage of the steel production process. They are hot-rolled or forged from an ingot or strand cast. Smaller and longer than a bloom, billets are usually a square cross section less than 36 square inches.
They are used for the manufacture of all 'long' steel products such as bars, rods, pipes, tubes, wire and wire products.

Slabs

Steel slabs are hot-rolled from an ingot or strand cast. They are wide and rectangular in shape.
They are used for the manufacture of all 'flat' steel products such as coils, sheets, strip, plates and other flat-rolled steel products

Reinforcing Bar

Reinforcing bar (or Rebar) is formed from a steel billet, normally having surface deformations for use in reinforcing concrete. The bar can be produced in straight lengths as well as coiled.
Rebar is used in the construction industry to reinforce concrete.

Welded Tubes

Welded tubes are made from hot rolled or cold reduced strip, sheet or plate. Welded tube includes hollow sections, black and galvanised gas/water pipe, scaffolding tube and large
diameter pipe. Small and medium diameters are produced in continuous, multiple-roll mills that progressively bend incoming, unheated strip into a circular cross-section prior to welding along the longitudinal seam. Tube may subsequently be cold-drawn through dies to achieve precise
dimensions and finish. Large diameters (400-1,600mm) are made from discrete plate which is welded in an “O” shape before being mechanically or hydraulically expanded. Spiral welded tube/pipe is available in diameters up to 2,500mm.
Welded tubes are used in a wide range of general engineering applications as well as in power generation plants, oil refineries, automotive manufacturing and furniture production.