Waste tyres also known as End-of-Life Tyres are used rubber tyres that because of their abrasion state ("tyre wear") are not safe for public traffic. Un-recycled tyre waste is an enormous global problem because of their non-biodegrability - giving rise to its responsible recycling and avoidance of landfill dumping. These tyres are pressed into bales using a hydraulic baling machine. About 90-120 tyres are pressed to form bales that weigh close to 1MT each. This is used for further recycling and as raw material in various industrial processes such as granulation and chipping.
Rubber shred also known as rubber mulch generally consists of either waste tyre buffings or chippings of synthetic rubber from tyres that are ground up whole. Almost any tyre can be used to make rubber mulch, including passenger vehicle tyres and large truck and trailer tyres. The size of the rubber shred depends on the recycling process as further shredding provide finer shred that are higher in value. This rubber shred can also be used as TDF (Tyre Derived Fuel) in industrial processes such as alternative fuel source in Cement kilns owing to its favourably high Calorific Value (CV).
Tyre Bead Wire is a high carbon bronze coated steel wire used in all tyres. The main function of bead wire is to hold the tyre on the rim and to resist the action of the inflated pressure, which constantly tries to force it off. This Tyre wire can be extracted during the process of mulching and shredding, and is supplied as clean steel wire into primary ferrous production.